Different Types of Software Development
Software development is exceptionally in-demand and has remarkably taken the front seat. It has become the central focus of the IT industry. However, there are constant changes in the software development landscape. This is because the software industry is persistently working to offer innovations. Today, you may come across new areas of specialization, methodologies, and innovative tools.
While the demand for software developers is on the rise, keep in mind that this sector has different specializations. Each specialization also requires specific skillset and approaches. So, if you want to pursue a career in software engineering or data science, make sure to familiarize yourself with different work areas for each type.
Types of Software Development
The development of new web technologies and APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) have given a way out for the websites to work with other valuable features. Web development is not confined to developing websites by developers now but includes web engineering, web design, web content development, e-commerce development, web server, and network security configuration, and much more.
Mobile development or app development is another popular branch of software development. As we all know, people today rely on mobile devices to carry out daily tasks and for entertainment, as well.
The process of mobile development involves creating installable software bundles like code, binaries, assets, etc for mobile devices, implementing backend services like data access with an API, and testing the application on target devices. Here, you also need to examine the functionalities of the operating systems.
Mobile development is flexible to develop anything from simple to complex games by software engineers, apps that help to find you a restaurant, or connect your favorite news or entertainment, shopping, and much more. For mobile development, you need to know: Android, Swift (for iOS), Objective C, HTML5, Java, and C#.
Back-end development ensures that the front-end aspects of a program are functioning smoothly without any hassles.
Data is stored by developers at the back-end or ‘server’ and comprises three parts: a server, an application, and a database.
Managing database is a major facet of back-end development by data scientists as data science management holds to be the backbone of any system. Back-end development involves the complete understanding by engineer software, about databases, server programming languages as well as the architecture. Back-end issues can be likely evident when an application continues crashing or is extremely slow or keeps tossing data errors at you.
Python, Java, C, and C++, (my)SQL, dBase, and Oracle are the types of languages that you need to ace to become a great data engineer.
Development of Application Programming Interfaces is the skill of developing something by developers that allows the addition of new capabilities and functionality.
Developers build the kind of programs that function as puzzle pieces, along with different operating systems, on desktop, mobile, and the web. Here 3rd-party developers are allowed to interact with the tools or functions that the API relates to.
The process of putting down a foundation of regular procedures, tools, graphical user interface (GUI) interaction methods, and database access rules that can be used by other programmers building other applications for that particular API is what is termed as API development.
Embedded Systems Development
Developers need to be well versed in languages like Raspberry Pi, Arduino, Beaglebone, etc. Because of the rise of IoT (Internet of Things), embedded systems development has exploded.
The embedded software is dedicated exclusively to the particular software on which your device or machine runs on. For embedded software development you need to be well versed with Embedded C, Assembler, Python, Arduino (an embedded C derivative), and Java.
Cyber-Security Software Development
As the name suggests, this software is developed by cyber-security experts to keep the vital assets of the companies safe from viruses, theft, and other nasty attacks. The process of hacking into the system is tried by the penetration tester to assess the vulnerable and weak spots and works further accordingly on it to ensure that the assets are kept away from hacking or malicious attacks into your vital data.
You need to be fully exposed to programming language relevant to the system that needs to be tested.
Cloud computing software development involves creating software that powers cloud storage applications. Cloud computing services are gaining more relevance as the trend of traditional local storage is changing. Cloud computing services use networks of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store and manage data instead of using a personal computer or local server.
The software that controls cloud storage applications, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), OneDrive storage, and GitHub is developed involving cloud computing software development by the developers.
Low-Level Vs High-Level
In developing low-level software, computers are made from billions of transistors that act as a switch. Here ones or zeros are the machine languages. Low-level development, communication is directly involved with the computer’s architecture.
A particular type of machine language is followed and each computer is designed by developers that are made of ones and zeros. Instructions required for the hardware at the processor level are developed with low-level programming that includes embedded systems, drivers, kernels, and system libraries.
It is a very huge task to program a computer system entirely in binary. Every computing architecture has its specific assemblers and one has to be well versed with the assembly language to assemble it.
High-level development languages such as C, Java, and Python are engaged for the end-user applications and several other uses. The languages involved in high-level development gives you one more level of concept from machine code. This ensures that making use of natural language elements turns to be much more user friendly than that of assembly languages. Before execution, they are translated to binary and are compatible to work on any computer architecture.
Front-end, Back-end, Mid-tier & Full-stack Development
Front-end requires an effective talent in development. It is accountable for the visual interface that is visible to the user and the developer must have great designing skills to ensure great user experience.
The development of software in the back-end involves integrating databases, and other data storage, e-mail, and several other fundamental systems that are operating remotely.
Mid-tier development engages non-UI code connecting an application server with a database server in a three-tiered database design. The middle tier involves advanced skill sets as it is treated as the plumbing of a system.
Full-stack developers are capable of developing a completely functional web application and have the competence to work on every feature of web construction. They have the skill sets of both front-end and back-end developers.
Software development is all about inventing, building, integrating, scaling, and upgrading software by developers.
Software engineers have been developing software for the privilege of mankind and building software solutions for the overall advantage of businesses across industries to ensure the safety of their data, products, and services.